Ratnasambhava is the third of the five Transcendental Buddhas. Ratnasambhava is yellow and his wisdom is associated with experience and known as representing the "primordial wisdom of equality. Ratnasambhava is associated with the human realm on the wheel of life. Ratnasambhava is known for his equanimity reminding us that all human beings are precious. Ratnasambhava faces the south in with his consort Mamaki.
Ratnasambhava means ‘Born from the Jewel,’ ‘Ratna’ signifying jewel in Sanskrit. Ratnasambhava is believed to transform the negative human trait of pride into the wisdom of sameness. This wisdom brings out the common features of human experience and makes us see the common humanity underlying all men and women. In this state of enlightenment, there is nobody superior or inferior to the other, leaving no scope for pride to develop. Ratnasambhava displays the Varada Mudra. This Mudra symbolizes charity and boon granting. Indeed his distinct emblem is a jewel (Ratna), associating him with riches and Ratnasambhava is sometimes described as the Buddha of giving. But he makes no distinction and gives freely to all (the wisdom of sameness). All beings are equally precious to him. Whatever our social position, race, sex, or life form, we are all made from a common clay. The grace of Ratnasambhava shines equally on the palace and dung heap. Meditating on his wisdom we develop solidarity with all humanity, nay with all forms of life. Ratnasambhava’s color is yellow. This is the color of the earth. The earth too is extremely generous in sharing with us her riches. Also she gives without any expectation or favor in return. She gives and also receives all equally. The earth is thus the great leveler. Similarly, Ratnasambhava’s radiance dissolves all boundaries of self and the other. We can then just share with others – without any associated sense of giving, because giving requires a ‘self’ to give and ‘others’ to receive, a duality which Ratnasambhava helps us transcend. The animal associated with Ratnasambhava is the horse, who ferries over the suffering beings with full vigor. It also suggests a journey, a spiritual voyage such as that on which the Buddha – to – be set forth when he left his life at home, riding on his faithful charger.
Ratnasambhava guards over the direction south. The sun is in the south at noon-time. Its rays are then a light-golden-yellow, the hue of Ratnasambhava himself.
When represented Akshobhya in a Dhyani Buddha Mandala, the Buddhas are arranged like this:
Akshobhya --- Vairochana --- Amitabha
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